Trichoderma harzianum controls nematodes and fungal diseases in cucumber and sweet pepper in Spain
  • Cucumber and Sweet pepper / ESP / Trichoderma harzianum/ plant parasitic nematodes, Botrytis cinerea, Phytophthora capsici
  • After intoxication by chemical applications 20 years ago, the cucumber producer decided to shift to biological control for plant-parasitic nematodes and fungal diseases
  • The sweet pepper farmer shifted to biological control to avoid chemical residues



  • Technical result: Well-rooted healthy cucumber crop, repeated Trichoderma application through drip irrigation provides Phytophthora control in sweet pepper crop
  • Economic result: Residue free vegetables enter market at higher price
  • Sustainability (ecological, social and economical) Gains:


    • Reduction in reliance on chemical fertilisers and pesticides
    • Increased soil biodiversity enabling more resilient greenhouse vegetable cropping systems
    • Enables regenerative land use practices improving soil fertility


    • Enables worker and consumer health and wellbeing
    • Promotes quality nutritious vegetable production


    • Supports farmers’ livelihood and value distribution
    • Improvement of financial viability
pest_solution wheel-sustainable-development-goals
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